In December, we celebrate several anniversaries of important milestones in Latin American art:
- The 100th anniversary of the birth of Juan Acha Valdiviezo (1916–1995), who began his work as a critic, under the pen name of J. Nahuaca, in the late 1950s in El Comercio de Lima. One of the most important Latin American art theorists of the 20th century, Acha created a vast body of theories on aesthetic systems, arts, crafts, and design, and he fought for the conceptual sovereignty of Latin America. His studies covered multiple artistic currents as well as the theory and practice of the non-objective arts of Latin America. For more information about this important art theorist, visit the ICAA Digital Archive’s shared collection.
- The 60th anniversary of the inaugural Exposição nacional de arte concreta: artes visuais e poesia (National Exhibition of Concrete Art: visual art and poetry), held from December 4 through 18, 1956, and organized by the Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo (ICAA Record ID 1232176). The National Exhibition of Concrete Art provided a national forum in Brazil for the Concretist tendencies influenced by the De Stijl movement (1917–31). The exhibition brought together the works of Brazilian Concretists and highlighted the differences between groups and tendencies. More info
- The 56th anniversary of the exhibition of Kenneth Kemble works at Galería Lirolay, Buenos Aires, from December 5 through 21, 1960 (ICAA Record ID 741632). Argentinean artist Kemble (1923–1998) was a key figure of the Informalist movement in Argentina, having been associated with the group of abstract artists called Asociación Arte Nuevo (ICAA Record ID 743082). A year later, Kemble presented his works at the controversial group exhibition Arte Destructivo (Destructive Art) (ICAA Record ID 741505), also held in Galería Lirolay. More info
- The 10th anniversary of the exhibition Hélio Oiticica: The Body of Color, curated by Mari Carmen Ramírez and organized by the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston., On view at the MFAH from December 10, 2006, through April 1, 2007, the exhibition traced the conceptual and technical processes that led to Oiticica’s emancipation of color into space. It presented some 220 objects from series created between 1955 and 1969, shedding light on the various contexts and influences that nurtured their production, and demonstrating the rigor of Oiticica’s aesthetic inquiry. More info
This month we also celebrate the birthdays of several Latin American artists, critics, and art historians whose important works are part of our digital archive: Lina Bò Bardi (Italian; born on December 4, 1914); Alejo Carpentier (Cuban; born on December 26, 1904); Ignacio Gómez Jaramillo (Colombian; born on December 30, 1910); Anita Malfatti (Brazilian; born on December 2, 1889); Manuel Rodriguez Lozano (Mexican; born on December 4, 1896); Aldo Pellegrini (Argentinean; born on December 20, 1903); and David Alfaro Siqueiros (Mexican; born on December 29, 1896), among others.